Ford will use module-less LFP batteries from CATL
Finally! Ford will use module-less LFP (LiFePO4) batteries from CATL to cut costs by 10-15 percent starting next year. Moreover, the carmaker plans to localize and use 40 GWh of LFP capacity in North America starting in 2026.
DEARBORN, Mich., July 21, 2022 – Building on strong demand for its new EVs, Ford today announced a series of initiatives for sourcing battery capacity and raw materials that light a clear path to reach its targeted annual run rate of 600,000 electric vehicles by late 2023 and more than 2 million by the end of 2026.
The company detailed its global vehicle portfolio plans supporting these production goals as part of its Ford+ plan. Ford expects a compound annual growth rate for EVs to exceed 90% through 2026, more than double forecasted global industry growth.
“Ford’s new electric vehicle lineup has generated huge enthusiasm and demand, and now we are putting the industrial system in place to scale quickly,” said Jim Farley, Ford’s president and CEO and president of Ford Model e. “Our Model e team has moved with speed, focus and creativity to secure the battery capacity and raw materials we need to deliver breakthrough EVs for millions of customers.”
Ford plans to invest over $50 billion in EVs through 2026, targeting total company adjusted EBIT margins of 10% and 8% EBIT margins for EVs by 2026.
As Ford creates a new EV supply chain that upholds its commitments to sustainability and human rights, the company continues to plan for more than half its global production to be EVs by 2030 and achieving carbon neutrality globally no later than 2050.
Driving to the 600,000 EV run rate by late 2023
Ford plans to reach a 600,000 global EV run rate by late 2023 with the following EVs:
- 270,000 Mustang Mach-Es for North America, Europe and China
- 150,000 F-150 Lightnings for North America
- 150,000 Transit EVs for North America and Europe
- 30,000 units of an all-new SUV for Europe, whose run rate will significantly ramp in 2024
Ford is adding lithium iron phosphate (LFP) cell chemistry to its portfolio, alongside its existing nickel cobalt manganese (NCM) chemistry. This creates even more capacity for high-demand products and provides customers many years of operation with minimal range loss. It also reduces the reliance on scarce critical minerals such as nickel and, at current costs, brings a 10 to 15% bill of material savings for Ford versus NCM batteries.
The company confirmed it has secured 100% of the annual battery cell capacity needed – 60 gigawatt hours (GWh) – to support this 600,000 EV run rate by working with leading battery companies around the globe.
Ford announced that Contemporary Amperex Technology Co., Ltd. (CATL) will provide full LFP battery packs for Mustang Mach-E models for North America starting next year as well as F-150 Lightnings in early 2024. Ford’s EV architecture flexibility allows efficient incorporation of CATL’s prismatic LFP cell-to-pack technology, delivering incremental capacity quickly to scale and meet customer demand.
Ford also is leveraging its long-standing connection with LG Energy Solution (LGES) and its strategic relationship with SK On to meet its battery capacity target for late 2023.
Long-time supplier LGES has scaled quickly and doubled its capacity at its Wroclaw, Poland, facility to support incremental NCM cell production for Mustang Mach-E and E-Transit models.
Plus, SK On has installed capacity to support the scaling of Ford’s high-volume F-150 Lightning and E-Transits through late 2023 – scaling NCM cell production beyond earlier-planned levels from its Atlanta facility and providing new battery cell capacity from its Hungary operation.
Driving to more than 2 million EVs by late 2026
Ford is building on agreements tied to its 600,000 run rate milestone and is taking them even further. The company now has sourced approximately 70% of the battery cell capacity it needs to support an annual global run rate of more than 2 million EVs by late 2026.
Ford and CATL – the world’s largest battery producer – have signed a separate non-binding MOU to explore a cooperation for supplying batteries in Ford’s markets across China, Europe and North America.
Ford also announced it plans to localize and use 40 GWh of LFP capacity in North America starting in 2026.
The company intends to use this additional capacity to complement three previously announced battery plants in Kentucky and Tennessee that are part of the BlueOval SK joint venture between Ford and SK On, which was officially formed last week. Ford has signed an additional MOU with SK On as well as Koç Holdings to create a joint venture in Turkey for expanded battery capacity there.
Ford also expects to have 9 all-electric models available in Europe by 2024… Not bad for a legacy carmaker.
Hello Pedro (or other experts) — I’m struggling to understand how the module-less batteries (I assume this means the BYD Blade or equivalent) will compare with Tesla plan to use larger 4680 cylindrical cells (which they are still not able to get into production). The BYD Blade sure sounds like the future of EV batteries, but Tesla must have good reasons for their approach.
My theory is that Tesla doesn’t want to mass produce its own battery cells. However, by having a small scale in-house production of battery cells, allows the company to negotiate better prices with its suppliers.
This is what I imagine that Tesla says to its suppliers: “If you don’t sell your battery cells for a reasonable price, we’ll produce our own…”
I think that if true, it’s a smart strategy.
Task of the day: really list these 9 models. Let me try, from small to big:
* Ford Puma BEV (Craiova Plant, Romania)
* Ford Transit Courier BEV (Craiova Plant, Romania)
* Ford Tourneo Courier BEV (Craiova Plant, Romania)
* Ford Mustang Mach-e (Cuautitlan Plant, Mexico)
* Ford Medium-Size Crossover similar to id.3 X (Cologne Plant, Germany, on MEB)
* Ford Sport Crossover like id.5 (Cologne Plant, Germany, on MEB)
* Ford e-Transit Custom (from Turkey Plant)
* Ford e-Tourneo Custom (from Turkey Plant)
* Ford e-Transit (from Turkey Plant)
Does that make any sense? It still looks somewhat blown up, with all the SUVs and utilities and not a single subcompact car (think Fiesta), or compact wagon (think Focus) oder large wagon (think Mondeo) nor van (think S-Max or Galaxy), that once had been the core of Ford sales in Europe.