BYD delivers 246 eBuses to Keolis in the Netherlands

BYD 12-metre and 13-metre eBuses driving through Dutch roads
BYD 12-metre and 13-metre eBuses driving through Dutch roads

While electric passengers cars from BYD aren’t popular in Europe (yet), the same can’t be said about its electric buses. In this segment, BYD clearly dominates.

The fact that BYD produces its own cobalt-free LFP (LiFePO4) batteries helps to avoid battery supply constraints.


Just recently, 246 new BYD eBuses entered service in the Netherlands, part of an order of 259 vehicles from Keolis. The remaining 13 eBuses ordered will start operation in Spring, next year.


BYD, the world’s leading eBus manufacturer, has commenced delivery of Europe’s largest ever single order for electric buses to Keolis Nederland BV, the Dutch subsidiary of global public transport provider, Keolis.

An initial 246 BYD low-floor eBuses – part of a total order for 259 vehicles – are now with Keolis Nederland and have entered service on 13th December on routes in Zwolle, Apeldoorn, Ede, Dedemsvaart, Vaassen, Harderwijk, and Deventer in the country’s IJssel-Vecht region. The remaining vehicles are scheduled for delivery and start of operation in Spring, 2021.

The new pure-electric, zero-emissions eBus fleet from BYD will deliver a huge contribution to reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Keolis has calculated an annual CO2 reduction of over 15,755 tonnes.

Despite restrictions brought about by the coronavirus pandemic, the BYD eBus fleet has been delivered on time and according to pre-pandemic production schedules. An extremely efficient production process of the eBuses was achieved by an integrated approach throughout the BYD supply chain and its various manufacturing sites, including the BYD Hungary eBus production facility.

The Keolis fleet comprises BYD’s 12-metre and 13-metre eBus models. The 13-metre model benefits from BYD’s new upgraded battery technology to provide extended range and ‘city-to-city’ capability. The majority of the Keolis order – 206 vehicles – is made up of BYD’s best-selling 12-metre model. All 12- and 13-metre models feature DC Combo 2 and pantograph charging capability.

All vehicles are equipped with ambient lighting, USB charger ports and soundproof floor cover. In addition, the 13-metre models boast seats with the MMC (Multimedia Control) to offer unparalleled passenger convenience, including a reading light, a phone holder and a folding tray.

Safety and driver comfort are also boosted with bird-eye-view cameras providing the driver with a 360o view of the bus; plus an electric driver’s seat with memory card stores seat positions for multiple drivers and allows quick and easy automatic adjustment.


BYD eBus and roof-mounted pantograph charger in the Netherlands

BYD eBus and roof-mounted pantograph charger in the Netherlands


Marc Renouprez, interim CEO at Keolis Nederland, is delighted to be introducing the largest electric bus fleet in Europe, “With BYD in support,” he said, “Keolis is helping the transport authorities in the provinces of Gelderland and Overijssel in their green transition by deploying this e-fleet, making the IJssel-Vecht region a healthier place to live and work in. It is therefore a momentous milestone for Keolis, but also for our passengers, our PTA partners and the region.”

“We selected BYD thanks to excellent previous experience of the eBus product in our current regions the province of Utrecht and Almere city. The vehicles meet with the full approval of our passengers and our staff – and that’s very important. We have full trust in BYD’s expertise as a manufacturer in developing and maintaining BEV technology, and we were also confident that BYD would ensure the fleet delivery was executed on time.”

“This is a proud day for both BYD and Keolis,” said BYD Europe Managing Director, Isbrand Ho, “we have devised a total transport solution with New Energy technology at its heart. This fleet represents a step-change for public transport in the Netherlands; the start of what is a massive contribution to reducing carbon emissions in the country. The future of public transport has taken a significant step forward today,” he said.


The electrification of public transportation is something that should get a lot more attention.

Instead of subsidizing private transportation – electric or not -,  governments should invest mostly in public electric transportation, its ROI (Return of Investment) is much higher.

Moreover, nowadays, virtually every new electric bus imported from China comes with a cobalt-free LFP battery. Unfortunately, the same can’t be said about passenger electric cars (yet)…




More info:

Pedro Lima

My interest in electric transportation is mostly political. I’m tired of coups and wars for oil. My expectation is that the adoption of electric transportation will be a factor for peace and democracy all over the world.

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Daniel Walser
1 year ago

Does anyone know what kind of thermal management system is used in these buses?

1 year ago

Pedro, Thanks! I was in NL several years ago and got to ride in an articulated BEV VDL bus. Do you know if VDL is using LFP cells, too? And are the BYD cells made in the EU?

Any info on the Mustang Mach E LG Chem cells?


1 year ago

great stuff. I’m always especially happy to see buses and trucks go electric because they reduce emissions and oil demand much more quickly than passenger vehicles.

I also feel like government support of passenger vehicles isn’t entirely misplaced though, because the growing PV market should force a general decrease in battery prices, which makes e-buses and e-trucks even more viable.

I look at PV subsidies as the government leveraging consumer money to drive transportation electrification, in the sense that most populations would never allow their governments to raise taxes enough to support full e-buses and e-trucks, but most of those people will happily spend the same money on more expensive electric cars. As long as the demand from the car market drives battery prices down, then it’ll help drive the electrification of the commercial vehicle market as well.

Soon it seems that the PV market won’t need incentives, only regulations, and then I would be happy if governments put the bulk of their money into ebuses and etrucks.

1 year ago
Reply to  Pedro Lima

Pedro, I totally agree.

I live in California and the citizens of CA have voted to increase the tax on gasoline, but I suspect this can not happen politically in many other states.

I hope that Joe Biden is able to reduce Federal subsidies for fossil fuels, and tighten fleet CO2 emissions for trucks and SUVs, but I fear the changes will not happen quickly enough.

Suggestions as to how the US can catch up with the EU?

1 year ago
Reply to  Pedro Lima

Pedro, I respectfully disagree about your comparison of Democrats and Republicans (Trumpians?). I do think many things will change, but we shall see… You can be sure EVs, green energy, and pollution reduction would not even be a footnote in a second Trump term.

I also believe change at the state level is very important, maybe even more important that at the Federal level.

1 year ago

Electric offers the lowest cost of ownership + operation so I wonder what justifies to expend public money in other type of propulsion in 2020. All new city buses sales should be electric.
About subsidies for private transportation I think that at this point are part of the problem of why EV prices are artificially high and don´t go down even when they shift to cheaper cells (see old Zoe NCM 622 vs current NCM 712). And the problem of this free money given to manufacturers is that they are not investing it in advancing tech towards lower prices. All the cost innovations are coming from China (CTP, LFMP) while Europeans use 2010 concepts in 2020 cars.

1 year ago

Baterías con una energía específica de 140wh/kg es un sonado atraso no un avance…… Con esto no se va a ningún sitio. Pronto los autobuses FCEV barreran de forma masiva a los de batería del mercado tan solo es cuestión de tiempo. Por cierto aquí no se dice nada de las nuevas celdas de Solid Power o QuamtunScape?

1 year ago

Some taxpayer money locally well spend on trusted BYD gear in my country.

Some 10 years ago however, the national gov. wasted over 11 billion euro on a high speed trainconnection with Belgium ending the project 2 months after its maiden voyage.The Fyra debacle is well known. It litterally fell apart. The Italian company who manufactered the train never made such a train before… And carriages where missing too. Turned out that Berlusconi gave one to Khadaffi. Its reported that it is still out there in the dessert of Libya.
Over 11 Billion. Gone.

Leo B
1 year ago
Reply to  Buutvrij

Technically it’s not tax payers money directly. Public transport rights are offered by tender to private transport companies. The government may add some environmental requirements to the tender, but the private company decides on the type of buses used.

Since one of the service areas is very close to my home, I’ll hope to spot a BYD bus very soon.

1 year ago


News for you

Average battery prices fall to $137 / KWh at pack level. However they have another line which confuses. See whether you are able to understand.
“Battery electric vehicle (BEV) pack prices are $126/kWh on a volume-weighted average basis. “

Anyway because of Covid, price drop is lesser. In 2 years they expect prices to hit $100 / KWh level. Already prices below $100 / KWh were reported. I think the LFP is leading the charge. Please share your opinion.

1 year ago
Reply to  Famlin

I just wanted to post that as well. Very interesting analysis. What is even more interesting, it was reported that LFP cells in those buses cost somewhere around 65€/kwh which is already amazing price but price reduction in this decade should go as far as 45€/kwh. Pedro, do you have idea what would that mean from kwh/kg and kwh/L standpoint? Can we expect similar weight/size reduction? I think this will be the next frontier to reach in the battery tech.

1 year ago
Reply to  Pedro Lima

Thank you for your answer. Is there any production-ready battery for EV that is using graphene? I saw some use cases with power banks such as Real Graphene but nothing bigger.

1 year ago
Reply to  Pedro Lima

I think more usage of low cost LFP will reduce the battery prices significantly.
Even the NCA/NCM that is mass produced at lower cost should reduce the prices.

If automotive battery prices stands at $126/KWh, all it needs is another $26 reduction to hit the $100 /KWh price point at end of 2021 if the World gets rid of Covid and worlds economy surges ahead.

Happy Holidays and hoping for the best 2021.

1 year ago

2021 could see a 2 way competition between batteries.

1. Prismatic (including pouch) and Cylindrical batteries.
2. NCM/NCA (Cobalt batteries and leader) and LFP/LFMP (Cobalt free batteries and challenger).

In a way it could be 4 way competition also.
1. Prismatic LFP/LFMP
2. Prismatic NCM/NCA
3. Cylindrical LFP/LFMP
4. Cylindrical NCM/NCA

Will these competition and the big rise of BEV, Plugins, Hybrids and a whole lot of non-automotive batteries eventually bring down the cost from $137 / KWh (overall average) to around $110 / KWh by end of 2021 is a big question.