2018 Nissan Leaf battery real specs

AESC new battery cell specs

 

The specs of the battery cell used in the 2018 Nissan Leaf are pretty impressive.

 

The 2018 Nissan Leaf battery – like all previous versions – uses a 96s2p cell configuration, this means that in total there are 192 cells in the battery pack. However, the battery cells now have a much higher energy density.

 

In the Nissan Leaf, each battery pack has 24 modules and each module has 8 cells. Originally, the Nissan Leaf was launched with double the modules. The 24 kWh battery in the 2011 Nissan Leaf had 48 modules, each module with 4 cells. However, when Nissan released the 30 kWh battery, the number of modules was reduced to half – to further increase the energy density of the battery pack. If you look at the new battery module below you’ll see that it seems 2 old modules stuck together…

 

AESC new battery module specs

 

Moving on…

 

Now we can calculate the new battery real capacity:

  • 192 x 3,65 V x 56,3 Ah = 39,46 kWh

 

And compare it to the original battery pack in the 2011 Nissan Leaf.

  • 192 x 3,75 V x 32,5 Ah = 23,4 kWh

 

Specs of the AESC battery cells used in the first generation Nissan Leaf 24 kWh battery

 

The energy density of 460 Wh/L (volumetric) and 224 Wh/kg (gravimetric) is pretty impressive for a NCM 622 battery cell. It would be great to see AESC develop NCM 811 cells to compete with SK innovation and LG Chem.

 

Anyway, I’m a bit disappointed with the battery real capacity, because for a while now the inside information was that Nissan – with the new battery – would start advertising the usable capacity, as others have been doing. In fact, that’s what Nissan is now publicly doing as we can see in the video below…

 

 

Now you know that the 2018 Nissan Leaf has a battery with a rated capacity of 39,46 kWh. This is under normal conditions and can be affected by temperature or C-rate.

 

 

More info:

http://www.eco-aesc-lb.com/product/liion_ev/

Pedro Lima

More than natural resources, are wasted human resources that bothers me the most. That's why I'm a strong advocate of a society based on cooperation, not competition, that helps every individual to reach his full potential so that he can contribute back to society. "From each according to his ability, to each according to his needs".

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13 Responses

  1. Mg says:

    There is something fishy going on. Data from spec(39.46 kwh) seems to contradict statements from video. Perhaps this iec 62660-1 norm is more strict and mesured capacity is essentialy usable one ? On the other hand there is more than 40% range increase. 33% battery capacity increase and worse mpg rating from EPA(slightly but still) something strange is going on. Now if they rounded cell capacity down from like 56.34ah and voltage like from 3.654v then Leaf pack is over 39.5 kWh and rounding goes up to 40kwh. If this 39.5 is like usable then increase over previous usable(Ca. 28.5) is about 38.5% and things gets more in line.

    • Marcel Guldemond says:

      Yes, that’s interesting. If the 2018 Leaf has the same efficiency as the older one, then 39.5 is just about 40% more than the old useable capacity of 28kwh, which is the same percentage increase as the range increased. However, if you assume that 39.5 is the rated capacity and then calculate range / rated capacity you get ~170wh/km (old) vs ~162wh/km (new) and the difference is about 5%, so it could just be that the new Leaf is 5% more efficient. This would allow the range increase of 40% even if the capacity has only gone up 33%.

  2. instantnet says:

    So it will still die just not as quick and Nissan will leave those that bought the disposable car without any warranty and certainly without any upgrade options. If you have a 2011-2017 too bad for you!

  3. JW says:

    Is there a source that confirms that it is NCM 622?

    • Pedro Lima says:

      No source, it’s my educated guess. However, looking at the specs it’s pretty obvious that those cells are NCM 622.

      • Graham says:

        Can you offer an explanation for the 39.46 kWh contradicting the video statement that the 40kWh leaf will have 40kWh as a minimum? He heavily emphasizes minimum in the video you linked. What makes your findings so obvious that we should take your educated guess over the video?

        • Pedro Lima says:

          The educated guess is about the chemistry being NCM 622, not the capacity.

          The battery cell specs are not a guess, they come from AESC that makes the batteries.

          Nissan can simply overrate the battery capacity by testing it at higher temperature and lower C-rate.

          It’s like EPA and NEDC testing the same thing, but with different procedures, thus getting different results. In this case AESC is the EPA and Nissan is NEDC.

          • Terawatt says:

            But why do you calculate the first-gen battery using a nominal voltage of 3.75V, then drop it to 3.65V for the NCM622..?

            I don’t know if there’s any standard for nominal voltage, but I don’t think so. It used to be conventional to go with 3.6V for li-ion, until it became conventional to use 3.7V.

            Nominal capacity of course scales proportionally to nominal voltage, so this isn’t enough to justify the claim of 40 kWh net. That requires a larger nominal charge (Ah), which as you point out could be justified by measuring under different conditions (température or rate being the main knobs to turn).

          • Pedro Lima says:

            Different chemistries, different voltages. It’s listed on the spec sheet.

  4. Another Euro point of view says:

    Pedro, thank you for spending your time sharing with us some in depth knowledge regarding current EV/battery technology. Much appreciated.

  5. Sch says:

    It’s a pitty they lowered the nominal voltage of the pack. 0,1V les nominal voltage means 9,6V less pack voltage and while charging on a 100A rapid charger that is 1kW less charging power.

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