The 2018 Nissan Leaf battery – like all previous versions – uses a 96s2p cell configuration, this means that in total there are 192 cells in the battery pack. However, the battery cells now have a much higher energy density.

In the Nissan Leaf, each battery pack has 24 modules and each module has 8 cells. Originally, the Nissan Leaf was launched with double the modules. The 24 kWh battery in the 2011 Nissan Leaf had 48 modules, each module with 4 cells. However, when Nissan released the 30 kWh battery, the number of modules was reduced to half – to further increase the energy density of the battery pack. If you look at the new battery module below you’ll see that it seems 2 old modules stuck together…

Moving on…

Now we can calculate the new battery real capacity:

- 192 x 3,65 V x 56,3 Ah = 39,46 kWh

And compare it to the original battery pack in the 2011 Nissan Leaf.

- 192 x 3,75 V x 32,5 Ah = 23,4 kWh

The energy density of 460 Wh/L (volumetric) and 224 Wh/kg (gravimetric) is pretty impressive for a NCM 622 battery cell. It would be great to see AESC develop NCM 811 cells to compete with SK innovation and LG Chem.

Anyway, I’m a bit disappointed with the battery real capacity, because for a while now the inside information was that Nissan – with the new battery – would start advertising the usable capacity, as others have been doing. In fact, that’s what Nissan says that is now doing – as we can see in the video below -, but the numbers don’t add up…

Now you know that the 2018 Nissan Leaf has a battery with a rated capacity of 39,46 kWh. This is under normal conditions and can be affected by temperature or C-rate.

More info:

## Mg

29 Jan 2018There is something fishy going on. Data from spec(39.46 kwh) seems to contradict statements from video. Perhaps this iec 62660-1 norm is more strict and mesured capacity is essentialy usable one ? On the other hand there is more than 40% range increase. 33% battery capacity increase and worse mpg rating from EPA(slightly but still) something strange is going on. Now if they rounded cell capacity down from like 56.34ah and voltage like from 3.654v then Leaf pack is over 39.5 kWh and rounding goes up to 40kwh. If this 39.5 is like usable then increase over previous usable(Ca. 28.5) is about 38.5% and things gets more in line.

## Marcel Guldemond

30 Jan 2018Yes, that’s interesting. If the 2018 Leaf has the same efficiency as the older one, then 39.5 is just about 40% more than the old useable capacity of 28kwh, which is the same percentage increase as the range increased. However, if you assume that 39.5 is the rated capacity and then calculate range / rated capacity you get ~170wh/km (old) vs ~162wh/km (new) and the difference is about 5%, so it could just be that the new Leaf is 5% more efficient. This would allow the range increase of 40% even if the capacity has only gone up 33%.

## instantnet

30 Jan 2018So it will still die just not as quick and Nissan will leave those that bought the disposable car without any warranty and certainly without any upgrade options. If you have a 2011-2017 too bad for you!

## Ricardo

30 Jan 2018I’m looking to buy one of those disposable things. Used, that is, disposed of

## Borut Lesjak

4 Apr 2018me too

## JW

30 Jan 2018Is there a source that confirms that it is NCM 622?

## Pedro Lima

30 Jan 2018No source, it’s my educated guess. However, looking at the specs it’s pretty obvious that those cells are NCM 622.

## Graham

31 Jan 2018Can you offer an explanation for the 39.46 kWh contradicting the video statement that the 40kWh leaf will have 40kWh as a minimum? He heavily emphasizes minimum in the video you linked. What makes your findings so obvious that we should take your educated guess over the video?

## Pedro Lima

31 Jan 2018The educated guess is about the chemistry being NCM 622, not the capacity.

The battery cell specs are not a guess, they come from AESC that makes the batteries.

Nissan can simply overrate the battery capacity by testing it at higher temperature and lower C-rate.

It’s like EPA and NEDC testing the same thing, but with different procedures, thus getting different results. In this case AESC is the EPA and Nissan is NEDC.

## Terawatt

31 Jan 2018But why do you calculate the first-gen battery using a nominal voltage of 3.75V, then drop it to 3.65V for the NCM622..?

I don’t know if there’s any standard for nominal voltage, but I don’t think so. It used to be conventional to go with 3.6V for li-ion, until it became conventional to use 3.7V.

Nominal capacity of course scales proportionally to nominal voltage, so this isn’t enough to justify the claim of 40 kWh net. That requires a larger nominal charge (Ah), which as you point out could be justified by measuring under different conditions (température or rate being the main knobs to turn).

## Pedro Lima

31 Jan 2018Different chemistries, different voltages. It’s listed on the spec sheet.

## Another Euro point of view

30 Jan 2018Pedro, thank you for spending your time sharing with us some in depth knowledge regarding current EV/battery technology. Much appreciated.

## Pedro Lima

30 Jan 2018Thanks, it’s my pleasure.

## Sch

1 Feb 2018It’s a pitty they lowered the nominal voltage of the pack. 0,1V les nominal voltage means 9,6V less pack voltage and while charging on a 100A rapid charger that is 1kW less charging power.

## Rick Thomsen

5 Mar 2018I have a 2011 leaf. In fact I was part of the pilot program because I wanted to support Nissan and the technology. I have been trying to find factual answers on whether or not the 2011 can be retrofitted with the 2018 battery. I seem to be having a hard time getting answers.

## Flying Dodo

24 Mar 2018Nissan won’t do any battery upgrades. However, there are some 3rd party companies who will, but those would invalidate any remaining warranty (not applicable to you anyway), plus it’s unlikely the % range would read accurately, so you’d have to work out what the new readings meant.

## Rory

23 Mar 2018The capacity is not accurately determined by multiplying the nominal voltage by the Ah. An accurate result needs the integral of the voltage curve over current. It can be seen from the gen1 example that the capacity in kWh is greater for lower discharge rates. So the actual capacity requires the C rate to be specified.

## Cjh

21 Apr 2018Speaking of upgrades / replacement :

https://electrek.co/2018/03/26/nissan-leaf-battery-pack-replacement-program/amp/