2017 Hyundai IONIQ: Hybrid vs Electric

2017 Hyundai IONIQ: Hybrid vs Electric

 

Want to know how much you save on gas with the electric version?

 

Currently there is no better car to compare electric and hybrid powertrains than the Hyundai IONIQ. The electric version is the most efficient mass produced car in the world, while the hybrid version takes the spotlight in the ICE (Internal Combustion Engine) category.

I see plug-less hybrids as more efficient ICE cars, since even the energy recuperated by regenerative braking was first generated by burning a fossil fuel. I don’t say this as a bad thing, running on fossil fuels is inherently inefficient, anything that helps to increase its efficiency is welcomed and every ICE car should be hybrid.

 

Moving on…

 

In this article my objective is to compare the most efficient electric and ICE powertrains regarding energy costs. To calculate running energy costs we just need two things: efficiency rates and energy prices.

 

In the table below we have the EPA efficiency figures for the electric and hybrid versions.

 

Hyundai IONIQ (EPA efficiency): Electric vs Hybrid

Electric car Combined City Highway
2017 Hyundai IONIQ Electric 25 kWh/100 miles
15,4 kWh/100 km
22,67 kWh/100 miles
14,08 kWh/100 km
27,87 kWh/100 miles
17,31 kWh/100 km
2017 Hyundai IONIQ Hybrid (Blue package) 6,4352 L/100 miles
3,9986 L/100 km
6,5481 L/100 miles
4,0688 L/100 km
6,3261 L/100 miles
3,9309 L/100 km
The Blue package was used because it's the most efficient available.

 

In the next table we have energy prices. Be aware that in big countries such as Canada and the USA, energy costs vary a lot from state to state, because of this I used average nationwide prices for these two cases.

Furthermore, if you have a smart meter, you should use electricity at “off-peak” times to charge your electric car. By doing this you can pay up to two or even three times less compared to “on-peak” periods.

 

Energy prices

Country Electricity (kWh) Gasoline (L)
Austria 0,2010 EUR 1,17 EUR
Canada 0,0687 EUR 0,84 EUR
France 0,1711 EUR 1,37 EUR
Germany 0,2977 EUR 1,35 EUR
Netherlands 0,1592 EUR 1,54 EUR
Norway 0,1631 EUR 1,68 EUR
Portugal 0,2364 EUR 1,45 EUR
Spain 0,2284 EUR 1,22 EUR
Sweden 0,1962 EUR 1,47 EUR
United Kingdom 0,1831 EUR 1,37 EUR
United States of America 0,1159 EUR 0,64 EUR
Sources:
globalpetrolprices.com (22/5/2017)
ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/energy/data (5/5/2017)
eia.gov/electricity/monthly/epm_table_grapher.cfm?t=epmt_5_6_a (3/2017)
ontario-hydro.com/current-rates (4/2017)

 

Now we can finally calculate running energy costs for the Hyundai IONIQ Electric and Hybrid in different countries. To make things simpler, I just used EPA (combined) efficiency figures and the most efficient hybrid version, the 2017 Hyundai Ioniq (Blue package).

 

Energy costs: Hyundai IONIQ Electric vs Hybrid

Country Electric Hybrid
(Blue package)
Savings with
the electric
Austria 3,0954 EUR/100 km 4,6784 EUR/100 km 1,583 EUR/100 km
Canada 1,058 EUR/100 km 3,3589 EUR/100 km 2,3009 EUR/100 km
France 2,6349 EUR/100 km 5,4781 EUR/100 km 2,8432 EUR/100 km
Germany 4,5846 EUR/100 km 5,3982 EUR/100 km 0,8136 EUR/100 km
Netherlands 2,4517 EUR/100 km 6,1579 EUR/100 km 3,7062 EUR/100 km
Norway 2,5117 EUR/100 km 6,7177 EUR/100 km 4,206 EUR/100 km
Portugal 3,64056 EUR/100 km 5,7980 EUR/100 km 2,15744 EUR/100 km
Spain 3,5174 EUR/100 km 4,8784 EUR/100 km 1,361 EUR/100 km
Sweden 3,0215 EUR/100 km 5,8780 EUR/100 km 2,8565 EUR/100 km
United Kingdom 2,8197 EUR/100 km 5,4781 EUR/100 km 2,6584 EUR/100 km
United States of America 1,7849 EUR/100 km 2,5591 EUR/100 km 0,7742 EUR/100 km

 

As you can see, – without surprise – it’s in Norway that people can save the most by driving the electric version – considering just energy costs. After 100.000 km, on average 4.206 euros would be saved by driving the electric version instead of the hybrid. Furthermore, there are additional incentives that make electric cars a much better and cheaper choice.

I’m sure that the best way to increase electric car sales is to make ICE cars more expensive to buy and run with higher taxes. We need to reach to a point where selling polluting cars will be near impossible, only then automakers will finally get serious about electric cars and drop their prices. While automakers prefer to sell ICE cars with inherent planned obsolescence, they know that given the choice, it’s better to sell electric cars than nothing at all…

 

As a side-note, in some countries such as the USA and France, with existing incentives the electric variant can actually cost less to buy than the hybrid. However, in most countries the electric variant is considerably more expensive to buy than the hybrid.

 

To sum up, lower running energy cost isn’t the only thing that make electric cars cheaper in the longer run, but we should be aware of it. Lower maintenance costs and less taxes should also be taken into account.

Finally let’s also not forget that electricity can be produced everywhere locally and from different sources, making its cost a lot more stable. We can even produce it in our roofs with the help of solar panels. Fossil fuels, in the other hand, as any other finite resource always generate conflicts and this is why I like electric cars the most, they make us more independent from big corporations and don’t finance wars for oil.

 

Are low running costs important for you? Or electric cars have so many other advantages that you won’t even bother with this one?

 

 

More info:

https://www.fueleconomy.gov/feg/Find.do?action=sbs&id=38485&id=38484&id=38431

Pedro Lima

More than natural resources, are wasted human resources that bothers me the most. That's why I'm a strong advocate of a society based on cooperation, not competition, that helps every individual to reach his full potential so that he can contribute back to society. "From each according to his ability, to each according to his needs".

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4 Responses

  1. Alnair says:

    Hi Pedro,

    I think electricity prices are overvalued (at last in Europe, and for sure in Spain).
    Electricity price in the Eurostat database includes fixed terms (payed whatever you consume) divided by a median household consumption, but once you have an EV you fixed terms don’t increase, only the variable terms. (*)

    In the case of Spain, peak electricity price range in the 0,15 – 0,17 €/kW (included taxes), not 0,22.

    In my particular case, I charge at night at around 0,065 €/kW, with no impact in my fixed terms.

    (*) If you need an increase in peak power of you contract you can incur in additional fixed terms.

    • Pedro Lima says:

      Yes Alnair, that’s true, almost every energy price present is overestimated, even for gasoline. I couldn’t find better information sources.

      However let’s say that this compensate the higher energy costs of using DC fast chargers.

  2. nuno says:

    I think that should be take in consideration’s that not all people are able to use a electric car. I use a 100% electric car because I have my own space parking spot in my building, and I recharge the car there. If I didn’t have a parking space i had to use an ICE car. I shouldn’t be “punished” with high taxes when using a ICE car because I can have an 100% electric car.
    In Portugal where i live (and in all countrys in the wold) There are thousands of people that don’t have place to recharges’ the car at home. And the Mobi-e network is not reliable. Where people are going to recharge their cars?
    I agree to that all ICE cars should be Hybrids to make them more efficient,but they need to co-exist with the electric, at least until all people have a reliable place to recharge at home.
    And don’t forget that are millions of people that rely on ICE cars to have a job. Parts department stores, parts factory.
    Sorry for my English. I hope you understand my point of view.

    • Pedro Lima says:

      Good point, thanks for sharing it.

      The charging station network definitely needs improvements. I think that in a not very distant future most of the outside home charging will be done at commercial areas for free or very low cost. Especial at retail stores such as IKEA, Auchan, LIDL, ALDI or E.Leclerc while we do the shopping. To provide free charging for customers, these retails stores will also have to put some solar panels in their roofs or even wind generators.

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