Electric cars: range and efficiency comparison

EPA electric label

 

Electric cars aren’t all the same.

 

In order to help you compare some of the most popular electric cars currently available, I made a table with EPA range and efficiency figures.

It might help you decide which electric car is the best for you.

 

Electric car

Range

Efficiency

Combined

City

Highway

Combined

City

Highway

BMW i3 (94 Ah battery)

183 km

201 km

165 km

17,75 kWh/100 km

16,23 kWh/100 km

19,75 kWh/100 km

Chevrolet Bolt EV

383 km

412 km

354 km

17,64 kWh/100 km

16,36 kWh/100 km

19,04 kWh/100 km

2017 Ford Focus Electric

185 km

204 km

166 km

19,57 kWh/100km

17,75 kWh/100km

21,81 kWh/100km

Hyundai IONIQ Electric

200 km

220 km

179 km

15,4 kWh/100 km

13,96 kWh/100 km

17,16 kWh/100 km

Nissan Leaf (30 kWh battery)

172 km

191 km

155 km

18,7 kWh/100 km

16,89 kWh/100 km

20,73 kWh/100 km

Tesla Model S 60D

351 km

341 km

361 km

20,13 kWh/100 km

20,73 kWh/100 km

19,57 kWh/100 km

In each category green represents the best result, while red represent the worst.

Remember that EPA figures measure plug-to-wheels consumption, this means that the internal charger efficiency matters.

 

The Hyundai IONIQ Electric is the efficiency champion, but if you need more range you might prefer a Chevrolet Bolt EV or a Tesla Model S.

 

Unfortunately we don’t have EPA ratings for the Renault Zoe and need to wait for the more realistic WLTP start replacing NEDC next year.

Also next year we’ll have important additions to the table. From an improved Volkswagen e-Golf with more range to a much better and redesigned Nissan Leaf. With luck first Tesla Model 3 deliveries will also take place.

 

What do you  think about these figures? Were you surprised by at least one of them?

Pedro Lima

More than natural resources, are wasted human resources that bothers me the most. That's why I'm a strong advocate of a society based on cooperation, not competition, that helps every individual to reach his full potential so that he can contribute back to society. "From each according to his ability, to each according to his needs".

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7 Responses

  1. Frank says:

    Would be great to add the new e-Golf and Soul EV!

  2. Pedro says:

    Great compilation.

  3. EHE says:

    The Tesla numbers does not make sense. No electric car have better range on highway driving compared with city driving. Even if Tesla has good aerodynamic properties, it will have higher energy consumption when the speed increases. That is also the case for Hyundai Ionic that have low air drag just like Tesla.

    • Jonas Jovial says:

      I think the problem is that the values of city and highway for the tesla are exchanged 😉

    • Pedro Lima says:

      Tesla Model S is a very heavy car, that’s why its efficiency isn’t great at low speeds.

      At low speeds you also take more time to complete a certain distance, that’s more time for internal electronics to consume electricity.

      Tesla cars are huge computers on wheels.

      Even when stopped Tesla cars have higher than normal parasitic load, also know as vampire drain.

      • EHE says:

        Bjørn Nyland set a range record for a Tesla S85D with a distance of 728,7 km in the summer of 2015. The duration of the test was 18 hours + and the average speed 40 km/h. He managed to get an energy consumption of 106Wh/km. So there is no logical reason why a Tesla S60 should have problem to get low energy consumption at low speed.

  4. Buzzar says:

    Your title should read “BEV’s currently available in the United States” as I see you have omitted Europe’s best selling BEV that being the Renault Zoe 🙁

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